But Munich quickly became a symbol of the dangers of appeasing aggressive governments. The agreement dissolved and Hitler conquered the rest of Czechoslovakia in March 1939, a decisive step on the way to World War II. Today, Munich takes a place in the popular imagination, when the moment when a chance to march against Hitler was lost, and an example of the madness of trust towards the unscrupulous. Halifax argued that Britain and France would have to fight with them if the Czechs chose not to oppose Germany. His attitude was probably more rooted in politics – the fear of how the government was perceived at home – than strategic disagreements with Chamberlain. He thought that in Eastern Europe there was a confrontation between Germany and the Soviet Union, which Britain had to divert attention from. But he said the “ultimate goal” of the policy should be the “destruction of Nazism.” The cynics thought it was quite opportunistic. One of Chamberlain`s friends concluded that Halifax possessed “aalic qualities” and a capacity for “sublime betrayal.” Yet it was a climate in which several cabinet ministers were considering the resignation and bankers such as Churchill and another future prime minister, Harold Macmillan, were preparing to push for a new government when “Chamberlain reintroduced rats.” The Munich agreement was the agreement resulting from the Munich conference on the resolution of the Sudetenland crisis. The conference took place between Great Britain, France, Germany and Italy. Czechoslovakia was not invited, although the meeting concerned her. The Munich agreement was concluded only with the Sudeten Germans.
Of the 2 million Germans who live in Bohemia and Moravia, he said nothing. Hitler moved to place it under German control. Chamberlain had escaped the trap set for him by his political rivals. True to form, many interpreted the Munich Agreements on what it meant to their own perspectives. Some feared that Chamberlain would declare an early general election, in which he would go wild to win. A panicked Churchill explored building an alliance with Labour, Liberals and Conservative rebels, suggesting that a commitment to the League of Nations and “collective security” could form the basis of a joint campaign. When Macmillan protested, “This is not our jargon,” Churchill thought, “This is jargon that we all need to learn!” September 29-30, 1938 – Britain, France, Germany and Italy meet in Munich. It was essential that Czechoslovakia and the Soviet Union were not present.
The four countries accepted the German occupation of the Sudetenland from 1 to 10 October. German troops occupy the Sudetenland. Britain and France have adopted a policy of appeasement. Neville Chamberlain returned to Britain and claimed that he had made peace in our time. However, after the agreement, Britain and France accelerated their own weapons plans. Chamberlain`s assertion proved to be a false hope, for in the year following the end of world war, the Second World War had begun. On 30 September, he returned to Heston Airfield with an agreement that eliminated the imminent threat and allowed Hitler to nest parts of Czechoslovakia. He called a statement signed by the two leaders saying the agreement was “symbolic of the desire of our two peoples never to go to war with each other again.” Shortly after, in Downing Street, he said he promises peace for our time.
This optimism was only short-lived, as the Munich Accords were broken within a year and Britain went to war because of the Nazi invasion of Poland. The Munich Agreement, which later symbolized the evils of appeasement, was signed 75 years ago, in the early hours of 30 September. In Munich, in the face of Hitler`s increasingly belligerent threats of military action, Britain and France engaged in the dismemberment of Czechoslovakia and the transfer of its Sudetenland region to Germany.